Linen is a fiber obtained from the stem of the Linum usitatissimum plant, made up of about 70% cellulose. Best linen products come from the production areas of France, Belgium and Holland, boasting the MASTERS OF LINEN quality mark. Flax is also grown in Western Europe, Russia, Brazil, China and the Baltic countries. A very fine, soft, flexible and resistant fiber is obtained from linen; a rare product that represents less than 1% of all the textile fibers consumed in the world.
The flax plant is eradicated from the ground so as to have the maximum fiber length. The stems are left to macerate so that the fibers can get rid of the rubbery substances. After maceration, the textile fibers are separated from wood residues and then combed, which eliminates shorter fibers and impurities. At this point the fiber is ready for spinning.
Linen is classified according to the degree of fineness of the fibers: fine linens, which are used for thin yarns, suitable for the production of fine fabrics (batiste cloth) of lace and lace, lint-free linens that are woven into common fabrics; thick linens for ordinary fabrics. Flax fabrics are used for making household linen (tablecloths, sheets, towels) and for both male and female summer clothing. Being a rigid fiber, the garments take on a wrinkled appearance, a distinguishing main feature. Linen fibers can be mixed with cotton, wool, silk, viscose and polyester fibers which give the fabric greater resistance and better weft regularity.
LINEN & WINDING
Savio has over 40 years of experience in the automatic winding of wet-spun linen. Since this yarn is very stiff and highly abrasive, great attention has been paid to yarn control during the winding process. For this purpose, ceramic devices have been made to prevent wear of the parts and thus allow an optimal yarn path.
Furthermore, thanks to the Watersplicer, a watertight splicing device, the quality, resistance and appearance of the linen joints have reached excellent levels.